Zhenian Airways

From Themys Project
Zhenian Airways
대진항공
New logo of Zhenian Airways since 2002.
IATA ICAO Callsign
ZA ZHA ZHENAIR
FoundedJune 7, 1510 AC
Commenced operationsDecember 19, 1510 AC
Hubs
Secondary hubsChangan International Airport
Focus citiesMonitava-Vourane International Airport
Frequent-flyer programSkyWay
AllianceSkyLeague
SubsidiariesAir Gwangseong
EastAir
Zhenian Airways Cargo
Fleet size728
Destinations360
Parent companyZhenian Airways Group
HeadquartersDaedo, Zhenia
Key peopleShin Chae-eun (CEO)
RevenueIncrease $56.1 billion
Operating incomeIncrease $4.1 billion
Net incomeIncrease $6.0 billion
Employees92,617
Websitewww.zhenianairways.com

Zhenian Airways (Zhenian: 대진항공) is the flag carrier and largest airline in Zhenia both by fleet size and number of passengers served. As one of the oldest airlines in Zhenia still in operation to this day, it operates almost 6,000 daily flights, including local connection flights, regional affiliates and subsidiaries, flying to 360 destinations across 6 continents with a fleet of 728 aircraft as of 1610 AC. Headquartered near Daedo Capital International Airport in southwestern Daedo, it is one of the major groups that comprise the Zhenian Airways Group. It is also one of the founding members of SkyLeague, one of the largest airline alliances in the world. Although the Zhenian government no longer owns the airline altogether, it retains a 51.1% stake in the airline and its subsidies, highlighting the airliner's significance as the nation's flag carrier.

Starting off as an air mail service in 1510 AC between Daedo and Arisu, Zhenian Airways started off as the Golden Arc Air Mail Co. Ltd., then headquartered in Arisu. It entered the passenger air business in the late 1510s and early 1520s, when it made its first regularly scheduled passenger air flight between Daedo and Changan on November 21, 1520 AC. It was nationalized under the Second Republic after the Second Great War, but was later privatized in 1563 AC by Shin Yangho, a business affiliate of Kim Shimin, although it retained its status as the nation's flag carrier afterwards. Despite taking significant hits after the Zhenian air business was deregulated, it was one of the major agents in propelling the growth of the nation's aviation industry as a whole.

Today, Zhenian Airways ranks among the largest airlines in the world both by fleet size and number of passengers served, while its subsidiary, Zhenian Airways Cargo, is ranked among the world's top international cargo airlines. The airline maintains three primary hubs within Zhenia among several secondary hubs and focus cities, the largest being Daedo Capital International Airport's Terminal 2, followed closely by its secondary hub in Shin Jinhae International Airport.

History

Early history

Zhenian Airways was one of the pioneers of Zhenian civil aviation history, starting as an air mail service in 1510 between Daedo and Arisu. Following the acquisition of eight twin-engine Haedong Ha-61 aircraft as well as engines and spare parts after the First Great War from the Republic of Zhenia Army in 1508, Shin Jungjin, an esteemed aviator and businessmen, envisioned a future network of point-to-point air mail services between short-to-medium distanced cities within the nation. Air mail at the time was expected to maintain an edge in such distances, with the major barrier being the limited range of the aircraft at the time. In early 1510, Shin Jungjin also purchased lots in the outskirts of Daedo and Arisu respectively to provide spaces for airfields, runways and hangars.

Growth and acquisitions

Management

Structure and employment

Zhenian Airways is nominally part of the Zhenian Airways Group, in which the Zhenian Government has maintained a majority stake in since the privatization of the airline. The Zhenian Government holds 58.8% of voting stock as of 1608, maintaining such share directly via the Ministry of Economy and Finance; however, the Zhenian Government has so far maintained a policy of non-involvement in the company's overall management and eventually the Zhenian Airways Group as a whole. This was clarified by Premier Lee Cheolsu following the company's privatization in 1576, who emphasized the government's role primarily in ownership of the nation's flag carrier rather than being affiliated with how the company itself functioned.

Zhenian Airways, as well as other airlines under the Zhenian Airways Group, are altogether headquartered in Seoan-gu, Daedo, near the core of the Airport New Town constructed across the Strait of Dando from Daedo Capital International Airport.

Corporate image and branding

The corporate image of Zhenian Airways, renewed in 1600, is a bird in a circle that symbolizes the world. It is a simplified and modernized version of its former logo, which has been used since its privatization in 1576, aside from a minor tweak in 1580.

Financial and environmental performance

Sponsorship

Infrastructure

Destinations

Hubs and focus cities

As a part of its hub-and-spoke business model, Zhenian Airways retains the following airports within Zhenia as its main hubs:

  • Ariul Centrair International Airport - the Zhenian Airways hub for northern and western Zhenia. A majority of international flights departing from the airport consist of flights bound to Central and Western Tarsis, including Kordalsam, Tayara and Abayad. It is also a secondary gateway to Azora and partly Dihara. Around 23.8 million, or around 65,200 passengers per day, flew through the airport under Zhenian Airways in 1609, giving the airline a market share of 68.8% in the airport and hence making Zhenian Airways its largest tenant.
  • Changan International Airport - a secondary hub in northeastern Zhenia, Zhenian Airways' Changan hub offers several connecting flights between East Tarsis and North Veharia. Around 18.6 million passengers flew though Zhenian Airways' Changan hub in 1609, accounting for around 34 percent of the airport's total traffic. In addition to connecting flights in East Tarsis, intercontinental flights to Veharia and flights to the Hanmaric islands, it is the largest hub for several regional flights to rural areas in northern Zhenia.
  • Daedo Capital International Airport - the hub of Zhenian Airways for the Danguk Peninsula and the largest overall. Zhenian Airways is responsible for over 48 million passengers annually, or around 130,000 passengers per day. Terminal 2 in Daedo Capital International Airport is dedicated to Zhenian Airways and SkyLeague members to allow for easy transfers between connecting flights. The corporate headquarters of Zhenian Airways, as well as the primary maintenance station of the airline, is also located near Daedo Capital International Airport. It maintains the largest market presence at the airport for a single airline to this day, accounting for around 44 percent of the annual passengers using the airport.
  • (Daedo) Jinpo International Airport - although a far lesser hub compared to Daedo Capital International Airport, Zhenian airways maintains a presence at Jinpo Airport as its former hub. After the completion of Daedo Capital Airport in 1587, the airport primarily serves the airline's domestic shuttle flights linking Daedo with several business centers across the nation and to Sakaro. In 1609, the airline has announced its plans to ultimately move all international flights out of Jinpo Airport by 1624 in adherence to the Daedo Capital Transit Authority's plans to restructure the airport as a secondary hub for the city overall, with the airport set to lose hub status altogether by then.
  • Dongdo Haedong International Airport - the former hub of Donghae International Airlines acquired through the airline's merger in 1590, it remains the smallest hub of Zhenian Airways to this day. A majority of Zhenian Airways flights departing from the airport are domestic flights from the mainland or international flights bound to Sakaro, Kapuku or other Hanmaric islands.
  • Gwangseong Munmu International Airport - the airline's secondary hub for the Danguk Peninsula and the western Hanmaric region. In tandem with Daedo, it is the key Sakaian gateway as well as connections to several metropolitan destinations in Zhenia. Serving just over 14 million passengers in 1609, it is the fourth-largest hub for the airline in Zhenia overall. It also offers frequent shuttle flights to other larger hubs throughout the nation, most notably Daedo Capital International Airport.
  • Shin Jinhae International Airport - the primary hub for southern Zhenia. Around 25.1 million Zhenian Airways passengers, or roughly 68,000 passengers per day, flew through the airport in 1609 AC, resulting in Zhenian Airways being responsible for around 54 percent of the annual passenger demand for the airport. Shin Jinhae International Airport is the airline's primary gateway for South Tarsis and Dyria, despite proposals to altogether increase the percentage of flights between its Daedo hub and South Tarsis.

In addition to the aforementioned hubs, Zhenian Airways, as a founding member of SkyLeague, has designated focus cities among the hubs of SkyLeague airlines. These include:

  • Monitava-Vourane International Airport - the hub of Air Kathia, Monitava-Vourane has been designated a focus city of Zhenian Airways since 1577. It has so far allocated a significant portion of connecting flights that depart from Azora, while it has also signed codeshare agreements for all Air Kathia flights within Azora or those that cross the Allonian Ocean. It is also the Azoran airport directly served by the largest number of Zhenian Airways destinations, with the airport having direct flights by every hub other than Dongdo.

Alliances and codeshare agreements

Zhenian Airways, alongside airliners including Air Kathia and Myrish Airways, has been a founding member of SkyLeague since its establishment in 1592.

Under SkyLeague, it has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:

Joint ventures

Fleet

Current fleet

Zhenian Airways operates a mix of aircraft from Boeing and Airbus, as well as from domestic manufacturers. Totaling up to 728 aircraft as of September 1610 AC, the fleet consists as follows:

Zhenian Airways Fleet
Aircraft Total Orders Options Notes
Airbus A220-300 40 40 20
Airbus A320-200 56
Airbus A321neo 14 60 30
Airbus A330-200 38
Airbus A330-300 34
Airbus A380-800 30 Worldwide launch customer.
Boeing 737-800 72
Boeing 737-900(ER) 97
Boeing 737 MAX 8 13 57 Partial replacement to older Boeing 737 NG aircraft.
Boeing 737 MAX 10 50
Boeing 747-400 4 Remaining aircraft be replaced by the Boeing 777X by 1612.
Boeing 747-8i 20
Boeing 757-200 64 Expected to be replaced by A321neos and Boeing 737 MAX 10 by 1624.
Boeing 777-200ER 48
Boeing 777-300 (non-ER) 8 To be replaced by Boeing 777-9X and 787-10 by the late 1610s AC.
Boeing 777-300ER 72
Boeing 777-8X 50 20 To replace the 777-200(ER), starting in 1621.
Boeing 777-9X 70 20 Superseding and older 777-300(ER)s, starting in 1621. Worldwide launch customer of the variant.
Boeing 787-8 36 14 10
Boeing 787-9 43 17 20
Boeing 787-10 12 3 5
Total 728 361 125

Historic fleet

Cabin

The latest cabin overhaul in Zhenian Airways was in 1616, when the current four-level cabin layout was consolidated, although some classes can be specified by fare type in certain circumstances. availability of each seat type varies by route and aircraft type.

First class

Business class

Premium economy class

Economy class

Onboard amenities

Reward programs

SkyWay is the frequent flyer program for Zhenian Airways and other airlines in the Zhenian Airways Group, particularly Air Gwangseong, FlyDaedo and Zhenian Airways itself. SkyWay members can earn miles with every SkyLeague airline, both full members and their affiliates, as well as other airlines that have signed interlining and codesharing agreements with Zhenian Airways directly. Zhenian Airways has also signed partnership deals with hundreds of partners in the air and ground, most notably financial services including Jinsan Card.

SkyWay miles within Zhenian Airways can be redeemed for flights and seat upgrades for all airlines within the Zhenian Airways Group and a handful of partner airlines, the latter in which if mileage points are able to be transferred with one another.

Accidents and incidents

See also