Zhenian Third Republic

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Republic of Zhenia

진화민국
1549–1570
State emblem of the Third Republic, equal to the emblem of the current Fourth Republic.
Emblem
Motto: "Liberty, Democracy and the Welfare of the People."
Location of the Third Republic.
CapitalDaedo
Common languagesZhenian
Religion
Secular state
Demonym(s)Zhenian
GovernmentUnitary authoritarian republic
Chancellor 
• 1959-1979
Kim Shimin
• 1979-1980
Han Yoonsik (interim)
Premier of the Republic of Zhenia 
• 1959-1962
Won Jinryong
• 1976-1979
Park Jungho
LegislatureParliament of Zhenia
Sangseowon
National Assembly
Historical eraCold War
13 February, 1959
• Proclamation of the Republic by Kim Shimin
18 March 1549
• Declaration of the Fourth Republic
December 1 1570
Area
19665,327,395.7 km2 (2,056,919.0 sq mi)
Population
• 1966
484293203
CurrencyZhenian Won
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Zhenian Second Republic
Zhenian Fourth Republic
Today part ofZhenia

The Zhenian Third Republic (Zhenian: 진화민국 제3공화국), alternately referred to as the Third Zhenian Republic, was a system of government adopted in Zhenia from 18 March 1549, when the Zhenian Second Republic was replaced by it following the ratification of a revised Constitution after the Coup of 1549, until 1 December 1570 following the declaration of the Fourth Republic following the November Revolution in 1569. It is the direct predecessor of the present-day Fourth Zhenian Republic.

The Third Republic was established as a result of the Coup of 1549, a coup supported by several former Second Great War veterans, Armed Police personnel and right-wing politicians led by Kim Shimin, and the dissolution of the National Reconstruction Council. The early days of the Third Republic was characterized by the rapid consolidation of power under Chancellor Kim Shimin, who, while presenting the government as a civilian government, established a dictatorship under his rule, centered around members of the National High Council and the Nationalist Party. Kim Shimin pushed forward the rearmament of Zhenia and reinstated its Defense Forces. Economic reconstruction and growth became the primary priorities of the Third Republic, which also included strengthening ties with neighboring Sakaro and other states in the process as it promoted state-guided economic liberalism and geared the Zhenian economy towards a more export-oriented economy.

Leveraging Zhenia's economic resurgence to his political advantage, Kim Shimin was re-elected as Chancellor three more times; in 1561, Kim Shimin abolished term limits for the Chancellor, while granting further rights to the Chancellor in the executive branch. Kim Shimin maintained power alongside the National High Council until the November Revolution resulted in the end of his regime. With the interim government led by Han Yoonsik in place, significant revisions to the Constitution, including the abolishment of most authoritarian laws, were made within the interim government. In the Chancelloral and general elections that followed, Li Shan and the Union of Neo-Renism came out victorious. The new constitution was ratified on December 1, 1570, marking the beginning of the Fourth Republic.

History

Background

Establishment

Zhenian rearmament

Shortly after the Coup of 1549, the Armed Police Forces of the Second Republic was maintained, with the primary aim of maintaining domestic security in the days following the coup and to prevent unnecessarily agitating the Allied High Command present alongside the Second Republic. The survival of the Armed Police Forces, however, was not able to last long, amid changing geopolitical circumstances that called for the "normalization of Zhenia" as well as the rearmament of Zhenia.

Zhenian economic resurgence

Demise and aftermath

Following the November Revolution, most high-ranking members of government, including both Chancellor Kim Shimin and Premier Park Jungho, were arrested: while most members of the Front of National Salvation were imprisoned, higher leaders, notably both the Chancellor and Premier, were placed at house arrest, despite calls to imprison them as well.

Politics

Governmental structure

Law and law enforcement

Military

International relations and foreign policy

While Zhenia began to the international community with the consolidation of the Second Republic, it was during the Third Republic that Zhenia once again began to take an increasingly prominent role in international affairs.

Zhenia's relationships with Yinguo took a dive and was normalized during the Third Republic. In 1561, it formally normalized diplomatic relations with Yinguo following the Zhuhae Accord, which recognized the current land borders on the Chang River between Zhenia and Yinguo.

Economy

Legacy

Along with the Second Republic, the Third Republic is one of the most controversial sections in modern Zhenian history and is a source of major debate to this day.

See also