Shinlim

From Themys Project
Republic of Shinlim

신림공화국
The Flag of Shinlim, known as the Shinlim Ensign
Flag
Motto: "진보와 번영"
Progress and Prosperity
Location of Shinlim in Themys.
Location of Shinlim.
Location of Shinlim within northwest Veharia.
Location of Shinlim in northwest Veharia.
CapitalGyeongwon
Largest cityShinman
Official languagesDongdan Zhenian
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(1610)
Demonym(s)Shinli
GovernmentUnitary Semi-presidential Republic
Chang Donghyun
• Premier
Lee Ming-soo
LegislatureParliament of Shinlim
Sangseowon
National Assembly
Independence from Zhenia
• as The Republic of Shinlim
1 March 1500 AC
• First Constitution Ammendment
6 August 1552
23 October 1591
Area
• Total area
2,759,709.45 km2 (1,065,529.78 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.81%
Population
• 1611 estimate
116.4 million
• 1610 census
116,334,644
• Density
42.15/km2 (109.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)1610 estimate
• Total
$5.365 trillion
• Per capita
$46,121
GDP (nominal)1610 estimate
• Total
$4.231 trillion
• Per capita
$36,369
Gini (1610)Positive decrease 35.6
medium
HDI (1610)Increase 0.921
very high
CurrencyShinlim Won (SW)
Time zoneUTC-7 (HST)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+72
ISO 3166 codeSL
Internet TLD.sl/.신림

Shinlim (Zhenian: 신림), more formally referred to as the Republic of Shinlim (Zhenian: 신림공화국, Sinlim Gonghwaguk), is a unitary semi-presidential republic located in northwest Veharia. The modern nation of Shinlim has an area of around 2,800,000 km2 of territory in Northwest Veharia, and is subdivided into 18 provinces, 3 metropolitan cities and 1 special city. Shinlim borders Maskinaw to its east, Valithoria to its southeast, and has a long west coast along the Hanmaric Ocean. The country is home to around 116 million citizens with the largest city being Shinman, with the central city being home to 13.2 million people, and including the metropolitan area surrounding it, this number climbs to around 26 million. There are three major concentrations of the population, Shinman, Gyeongwon, and Yangman.

The indigenous people of Veharia first inhabited the lands of Shinlim from 10,000 years ago to as far back as 20,000 years ago depending on the archaeological evidence and parties that claim as such. From the late 10th century onwards, the first Shindan Colonial Companies started to organize expeditions to the western coast of Veharia following Shindanese Admiral, Chang Handeok's discovery of the western coasts of Veharia in 1028 and his establishment of a first colony on 15 April 1028 in Aman. These colonial companies would establish the Viceroyalties of Ganman, Aman, and Geumsan in 1077, 1083, and 1091 respectively. During the Wars of Zhenian Transition, and the discovery of gold in the colony, in 1365 AC, the colonies were consolidated by Shindan into Shinlim which would later gain Dominion Status and greater autonomy in 1442. Shinlim became an independent nation following a referendum in 1500 after the December Revolution with the first Chancellor, Chang Daeho laying the foundations for stability and growth of the Gyeongwon Decade. The country's economy grew rapidly in the 3rd phase of growth from the 1560s led by conglomerate groups called ‘Dongsa’.

Shinlim is considered a developed country. Since the 16th century, the Shinlim economy has been growing rapidly although growth has been slowing recently. Shinlim has a GDP of $4.231 trillion in nominal terms and a GDP per capita of $36,369. The largest sector of the economy is that of services, however, Shinlim as a developed nation continues to maintain a vibrant manufacturing sector in certain higher-technology areas such as semiconductors, petrochemicals, fiber-optic cables, and high precision machinery such as semiconductor lithography equipment. Shinlim is a member of the World Concordat and has ... Shinlim remains a popular destination for international tourists, especially due to her scenery and geography and since the 17th century, has increasingly become a cultural powerhouse, riding the wave of the popularity of Z-pop, due to the cultural similarities in some aspects with Zhenia, has been able to produce certain famous music groups and has nationals in Z-pop groups.

Etymology

The name "Shinlim" (신림) has been used in Shinlim since the 1200s before the name was formalized upon the consolidation by Shindan of her colonies in Veharia in 1365. The running and accepted theory is the name was derived literally from the land as Shinlim was observed by early settlers to have newly discovered large pine and redwood forests. Hence, 신 'Shin" meant new, and 림 'lim' meant a forest, indicating the landscape of the new land. This is in a similar way to how the cities of Aman and Ganman got their names due to the physical features of the land. And thus by the 1360s, Shindian chose Shinlim to be the representative name of the colony and thus the modern name of the nation today. Being a relatively modern creation, by the 1400s, the name was already frequently used by Azoran countries.

History

Indigenous Peoples and Pre-Handeok History

A preserved traditional Nawkaw dwelling, Daeyang Province. They often lived in tightly knit communities in such houses up till the 13th century.

These first people crossed via the landbridge which connected far east Tarsis and Veharia to one another in various migrations. Little is known about their history except through certain archaeological finds due to most of their history being communicated via oral means. It is known that several pre-colonial native Veharian civilizations did rise and fall in the fertile areas of northern Shinlim. Over time, these native societies would grow more complex, developing detailed tiered hierarchies and social structures. Most notable during the 10th century was that of the civilizations of the Sionne and Hirenaw which struggled against each other and owned large swathes of northwestern and central Veharia.

The now extinct tribe that inhabited the hospitable climate west of the Taegeun Mountains were the Nawkaw who were adept fishermen in the region, hunting salmon and other local fishes. It is said that along the northern coast, their population numbered in the tens of thousands. They started practicing agriculture of maize around the 9th century but continued to primarily rely on a seafood diet with their advancement in trapping techniques for fishing. Evidence suggests that the Nawkaw were even able to weave baskets out of hay which is plausible due to the dwellings they resided in, with small settlements consisting of several houses made of earth and hay. It is to be noted that the Nawkaw could have been different native people groups with differing languages, however, lack of oral accounts and archaeological finds due to their societal nature has left many researchers clueless as to their distinctions.

Chang Handeok's discovery and East Tarsic settlements

A traditional 11th-century Shindan settlement, Jinsan Province. Such buildings with thick thatched roofs as depicted were found in the northern areas from Yangman to Buksan to contend with the harsh winters and cold.

In 1028, Shindanese Admiral Chang Handeok discovered the western coast of Veharia by crossing the Hanmaric Ocean via modern-day Kapuku. This initial arrival proved devastating to the native Veharians. While not actually having the first contact with any natives, the introduction of old world diseases to the new world would cause a large reduction in the native population from the 1030s to the late 11th century, especially amongst the Nawkaw who had no immune defenses against such disease and little time to get used to it. By the time the settlers arrived in the mid-11th century, the population on the west coast was decimated but was recovering quickly. By 1091 AC, the founding of the Viceroyalty of Geumsan, the native Nawkaw populations were around half their original numbers, a huge drop but still significant group numbering around 30 thousand. That being said, the spreading of disease was the least the natives had to fear. On 15 April 1028, Chang Handeok established the first colony in Aman.

The discovery prompted many East Tarsic nations to form Colonial companies, outsourcing the states' work to explore and seek wealth and resources in these new lands. The Republic of Imhae, Balhae and many Zhenian states did so. However, Shindan was the most active. While many small settlements were formed on the modern-day Shinlim coast, many Tarsic settlers were vulnerable to severe food shortages, disease, and violence from Native Veharians, in particular, the Nawkaw who inhabited these fertile coastal lands. Native Veharians on this western coast were also said to often be at war with neighboring tribes, lending credence to the idea that the Nawkaw were not a unified tribe, but a generalized term for the first natives given by the Tarsic settlers out of ignorance. The Dan Zhenian Shindan settlers would form coastal towns in the north such as the Viceroyalties of Ganman, Aman, and Geumsan in 1077, 1083, and 1091 respectively. However, there were also other Tarsic nations participating such as the Kingdom of Balhae and the Republic of Imhae, both of which, however, focused on the Western Hanmaric Region and the south.

The Tarsic settlers, through their aggressive interactions against and in protection from the Nawkaw, were able to learn the ways the locals survived in this new land. Culturally, much had to change and the lifestyles of Shindan and Tarsis had to be abandoned such as substitutes for rice with Wild rice. Having hailed from the Danguk Peninsula, the Dan Zhenian settlers were also used to fishing. The same could be said about the few Haedong settlers that arrived. Apart from the different types of fish they encountered, the lifestyles were similar in this regard and the early coastal colonial holdouts were heavily dependent on aquaculture. Moreover, many colonists remained faithful to Zhenian Wuism. However, more emphasis was placed on Dhemir, the goddess of the sun, fire, and life, and who oversaw the past and represented beginnings, in the hope that this land would provide a new beginning for many. Many settlers of different races came together to fend against the native threat and establish joint-communities and settlements.

A painting depicting the massacre of the Nawkaw by Dan Zhenian settlers in Shinlim from the 12th century. The Nawkaw were forced to move inland and died in droves till their extinction around the 14th century.

Colonial expansion

Following the degeneration of the Wei during the Taimir War in the early 1140s and the chaos on the Tarsis continent before reconsolidation by the Zhu dynasty, there was another large influx of immigrants into the Shindan settlements that dotted the coast of modern-day Shinlim. The population increase led to a greater demand for agricultural land up to the imposing Taegeun Mountains. Thus, from the start of the mid-12th century, the small Shindan settlements began to grow in size, with colonists venturing inland to expand into the hinterland from their original holdouts. During this time, the pressure against the native Nawkaw population, which was struggling to survive, only got worse. The Nawkaw had already been pushed away from their coastal areas and were pushed inland, west of the Taegeun Mountains in the modern-day provinces of Jangsan, east Geumcheon and Cheonhae. All along the way, there was little tolerance for the Nawkaw. The use of matchlock weaponry and cannons meant Nawkaw were unable to cope or match the firepower of the colonists. These killing were justified by the belief in Zhenian Wuism, and that killing the natives was a victory for the colonists in claiming new territory. An unregulated process of elimination continued as the colonists moved inland.

This process was especially harsh in the north where the land was fertile and more natives resided, and their disorganized nature due to the panicked fleeing and disruption to their settled way of life only made it easier, triggering a wave of Nawkaw peoples exodus westwards in the 13th Century. In some areas, Nawkaw reservations were set up for natives, usually in areas where they could be contained and controlled such as in the modern-day provinces of Jangsan and Hwasu as the colonists moved inland. The usage of forced labor and slavery out of natives was also notable, with little regard for their wellbeing. Often, these reservations were not set-up for the continued existence of the Nawkaw, but to give a false sense of comfort and to exploit their labor. While thousands of Nawkaw tried to flee westwards, many froze and starved to death in the cold Taegeun Mountain range, due to their inability to adapt the lifestyle to the area in a relatively short period of a hundred years till the late 13th century. To the southeast, the Indee natives of the Bujok Desert also had to fleet the encroachment of Shindan colonists in modern-day Myeongju North Province and Myeongju South Province, but were able to escape westwards to similar climates. What was left of the Nawkaw are said to have either died out by the mid-14th century or assimilated into the Sionne across the Taegeun Mountains.

A painting depicting prospecting workers mining for gold during the Shinman gold rush starting in 1358 AC. Shinman as a city started to grow rapidly since then.

Rising prominance and Shindan consolidation

Around the time in the mid-1200s that grapes were discovered at the higher elevations hugging the Taegeun Mountain Range which allowed the making of wine. During this 200 year period starting in the 11th century, land from the coast up to the mountains was claimed by the companies. By the 14th century, after around 200 years since the first arrival by Dan Zhenians, their population had grown to 7 million. The culture had developed and deviated from that in Zhenia, although similarities were maintained by constant new immigration from the mainland. Shinli wine was starting to develop with family vineyards being the prime vector for such development and fishing became a major sector for the colonies. Wheat was proven a more suitable crop to grow in northern Veharia than Rice and was fast becoming a dominant crop to unappetizing wild rice. Moreover, wheat had versatility in making flour for bread and noodles.

While copper and stone was a known ore and material found in the mountains for a time respectively, things changed when in 1358 AC, gold was found in the Hwanggeum Mountains north of Shinman. When word got to Shindan, and even other parts of Shinlim, there was huge migration north to this region, before other gold deposits were also found following increased exploration. From 1358 to 1371 AC, for a period of 13 years, there was a huge gold rush known simply as the Shinman Gold Rush. It is estimated that over a quarter of a million came from Shindan to the northern areas of Shinlim during this period before things settled down. It was partly for this reason that Shindan also began to pay more attention to the colonies and the Geumcheon and Daeyang area started growing rapidly.

For a time now since the late 1200s, the collective Veharian colonial lands were referred to as Shinlim, due to the presence of luscious pine trees and redwoods. They were consolidated by Shindan into a single colony of Shinlim in 1365 AC, under a single Governor-General, with the provinces governed by Governors. Shindan did so to attain greater benefits out of the colony, which for a long period of time, was only self-sustaining and practically worthless except in soft-power terms. Up till this time, it was the Chartered Colonial Companies that earned much of the profit and sometimes neglected in paying taxes by concealing earnings. The gold rush drew attention to the economic affairs of Shinlim and caused many of the Colonial companies to disappear from significance around this time, the bureaucracy overtaken by Shindan.

A picture from 1450 of the Chang Daehyun Hall, University of Shinman, est. 1404. The building incorporated Zhenian and Azoran architecture and was a symbol of modernization and opening up, educating many democratic leaders like Chang Daeho.

The Dominion of Shinlim

During the Wars of Zhenian Transition undertaken by Shindan from around the late 13th century, Shinlim was an increasingly important source of material aid in gold and other resources for the war effort. Entrepreneurs and other individuals in Colonial Shinlim would follow the trends in Shindan closely and in 1361 when King Jeonjo came to power, Shinlim entrepreneurs began to mirror and industrialization and modernization that was happening in Shindan, albeit at a later time and led by individuals and families rather than the state due to Shindan primary focus on the homeland than colonies. In 1368, following the defeat of the Zhu Dynasty and the Treaty of Sanggyeong, Shindan started to become the region's center of power which benefitted Shinlim trade immensely and helped spurred family businesses to greater wealth and thus disposable income to move into modernized industries. This was the first period of rapid economic growth in Shinlim which would allow it to take defensive matters into her own hands as a Dominion.

An artists depiction of Shinman in the 15th century. The city from its rise as a mining town would become an important center of trade and research to this day.

It was during this time of modernization that many famous local universities were established which would later become hotbeds of the calls for democratic movements. Chang Daeho, a leading republican revolutionary in Shinlim supporting the December Revolution, would study in the University of Shinman, funded and built by the Chang Daehyun who traveled around Azora. The distance of Shinlim from Shindan and Tarsis meant that there was less a sense of reliance of servitude to the Monarchy, but rather strong democratic sympathies that had room to grow. Despite growing sentiments for independence, Shinlim was still important in trade for Shindan to fund her conflicts in Tarsis and remained closely tied to Shindan's fortunes. In 1442, four years after the complete unification of Zhenia, Shinlim was granted Dominion status and greater autonomy, including in self-governance and the military. The Government of the Dominion of Shinlim was formed, headed by a Governor-General much like when under direct colonial rule with the exception being, from 1442 onwards, more of the Governors-General were local whereas, in the Shindan Colonial period, the Governor-General was born and raised in Shindan.

Independence and The First Great War

In 1499, the December Revolution succeeded in Zhenia. Contributions were made by Shinlim democracy and independence activists like Ryu Sangju who wrote multiple books and published articles about the need for self-determination of Shinlim and democracy in Zhenia. Chang Daeho was also a strong advocate for democracy and would use the wealth of his family business in copper to fund publications by Sangju and movements in Zhenia. Due to the part played by Shinlim and the close ties between Zhenian and Shinlim democratic activists like Amasar Ren and Chang Daeho, Shinlim was presented with a referendum by the government of the Zhenian First Republic. The choices being independence, or entry into the Republic of Zhenia. The referendum would be organized and overseen by both Zhenian and Shinlim officials (the latter of which came from the Shinlim officials working in the government of the Dominion) and the date was set for the 1st of February, 1500. Leading up to the date, security was tightened as there were threats to the safe conduct of the plebiscite. Four days before the day, on the 28th of January, Chang Daeho was nearly assassinated by pro-union activists for being a leading independence advocate in an event known as the January 28th Attempt.

This caused distrust of the Zhenian Republic, for people feared it was orchestrated by Zhenia to keep Shinlim apart of Zhenia. However, owing to close ties between leadership and Chang Daeho's commitment to pushing forward and progressing, Chang Daeho rejected the proposals to delay the referendum to a later date due to the attempt on his life. The vote proceeded as planned and it is said that the assassination attempt spurred Shinlim to vote for independence. With a majority of 77.3% and a turnout of 87.7% of the population, Shinlim was to be granted independence. On the 1st of March, 1500, following the writing by Chang Daeho and Shinlim Republicans of the constitution of an independent Shinlim, in line with many of their colleagues in Zhenia, Shinlim was declared independent at the old city hall of Gyeongwon. Henceforth, the 1st of March is Shinlim's National Day. Designing a democratic system with checks and balances on the powers of any institution or individual was the goal of the constitution. At the same time, the practice of slavery (even to the natives) was finally prohibited in the same year, 120 years after it was in Zhenia, with the new constitution guaranteeing the rights of all humans.

- FIRST GREAT WAR (against Maskinaw) WIP/TBC -

The Gyeongwon Decade and the Second Great War Period

The government was at risk of corruption and was in a rocky position as any other newfound nation would be. However, Chang Daeho and the first generation of leaders around him capable and adopted zero-tolerance for corruption, idealistic from their education, and were determined for the newfound nation to progress. For a period of 2 years, they led the country until its first elections in 1502, to which Chang Daeho won by a landslide. Under the first administration, their remarkable material and mineral wealth of the nation was directed to upgrade and extend the railway networks of the nation which were already sophisticated to a point as Shinlim was a key exporter for Zhenia. The infrastructure helped to increase exports to markets other than Zhenia and competitive prices. Shinlim upon her independence already had a significant Secondary sector of the economy in areas such as steel, coal refining into coke, potash into fertilizer, and wood into paper. This process would only be expedited by the stable political situation and developed infrastructure. Under Chang Daeho, the Shinlim National Railway Commission was formed in 1507, rebranded later upon privatization to what is now known as Shinlim Railways Group in 1552.

In 1530, Chang Daeho retired after being Chancellor for over a generation. He would later pass away just 3 years after retirement. Despite his death, his colleagues, and the second generation of leaders under Chancellor Jin Namwon would take over. From 1528 to late 1537, trade with Zhenia would increase massively, spurring the 2nd phase of massive growth from the capital city of Gyeongwon, known as the Gyeongwon Decade. Copper of high quality from Veharia was high in demand all over the world and exploited along with iron. This was especially the case with the Second Great War raging across the world. This rapid economic boom and growth would come to an end in 1538, with Zhenia's defeat in the Second Great War. The impact of the high volume of trade with Zhenia and the aftermath of Zhenia's devastated economy and debt reverberated to the Shinlim economy causing an economic Recession known as the Post-Daeho Depression starting in 1538. Jin Namwon was blamed for the overreliance on exports to Zhenia and lost the 1542 Chancellory elections.

Economic growth to the present day

Geography

Shinlim, at close to 2.8 million square kilometers, is a large nation of northwest Veharia. Her biomes range from the frigid and towering Hwanggeum and Taegeun Mountains running north and down the longitudinally down the country to the arid Bujok and Seogeonjo Desert to the southeast. From the fertile and temperate northern coast to the cold tundra of the inland mountains. Down south, the warm summers and cold winters of the coast and further inland, beyond the mountains, inhospitable desert. Other mountain clusters like the Jungnan Mountains and subsections of the Taegeun Mountains such as the Daeyu Mountains are the origins of many rivers that mostly end at the Western Hanmaric Ocean or the Gulf of Handeok. The nation's western coast along the Gulf of Handeok is where most of the population of Shinlim resides and the densest regions in Shinlim. This is also due to the coastal area's relatively flat lands with the single largest continuous plain of fertile land being the Danwon Circuit. Shinlim has large islands of the coast, the most populated of which being Haejung Island and her twin Haedong. The small volcanic island of Oelounbul resides west of mainland Buksan. Large swathes of the nation are still covered with forests and Shinlim has approximately 10,000 kilometers of coastline.

Climate

Map of Shinlim with its climates classified by the Koppen classification method.

The territory of Shinlim exists between latitudes 26.0° and 51.5° N, and longitudes 109.3° and 143.4° W. The landscape of Shinlim changes across from west to east and north to south. In general, from west to east Shinlim, altitude increases directly, with the exceptions being some deserts beyond the Taegeun Mountains. Meanwhile, from north to south, the climate changes from temperate to more warm dry summers and wet cold winters. The mountains often demarcate the borders and Shinlim resides on the western, "wet" side. Many south and westbound rivers flow into the Gulf of Handeok, making northwestern Shinlim home to some alluvial and flood plains known as the Danwon Circuit, although stretching far beyond Danwon Province. The most well-known rivers are the Sinchwan River flowing through Geumcheon Province, Seusyang River down Danwon, and the Jeonhan River river down Changjin and the capital region.

Eastern Shinlim is characterized by large mountain ranges, such as the Taegeun Mountains and Daeyu Mountains ranges. Northern Shinlim is mainly characterized by the existence of the imposing Hwanggeum Mountains as well as some plateaus albeit often small and not that contiguous. The western parts of Shinlim are more often flat, with the exception of the central Jungnan Mountains, and fertile, with it becoming warmer and dryer down south. Haejung Islands, formed as a result of historical volcanic and seismic activity dating back millions of years ago, is mostly mountainous to its west but relatively flat eastwards and temperate in climate. The nation's highest point, Mount Gochuan (5,477.3 m), is situated at the heart of the northernmost end of the Taegeun Mountains, near the demarcation where the Hwanggeum starts, while the nation has no natural point below sea level, the lowest point is Aman at 6 feet due to drainage and canals in the city.

Danju Valley is suitable for growing grapes and making wine due to its predictably low rainfall and cool temperatures.

Because of the many mountain ranges and rugged coastline in the north, and length of the nation, Shinlim's climate varies dramatically across different provinces. Coastal northern Shinlim has a mild, rainy oceanic climate, influenced by the North Hanmaric Current and some small lakes in the region receive an average of 903 mm (35.55 in) of rain annually. However, Danwon province's rocky coast absorbs much of the incoming current and the Gulf of Handeok can be far colder than at the usual latitudes of around 40° to 50° N. In Jinsan and Geumcheon Province, the annual average temperature is 10.4 °C (50.7 °F). Due to the blocking presence of successive mountain ranges, the climate of some of the interior valleys in Sanwon, Daeyang, and even Geumcheon Province is semi-arid with certain locations receiving less than 250 millimeters (9.8 in) in annual precipitation. This makes these areas great for continental wine grape vineyards such as the Danju Valley (wine region). The annual mean temperature in the most populated areas of this northwestern region is up to 11 °C (51.8 °F).

Small towns in the southern interior with high elevation such as Daesan are typically colder and snowier than cities in the valleys. Heavy snowfall occurs in all elevated mountainous terrain providing bases for skiers in both northern and northeast central Shinlim. During winter on the coast more towards the south around Yangman and Cheonhae, rainfall is common. Around central Shinlim in the capital region of Changjin and Gyeongwon and southwards thereafter, a dry summer climate predominates in western Shinlim, and a much drier arid climate prevails east of the Daeyu Mountains to give way for the Seogeonjo Desert. Rainfall in central Shinlim varies dramatically going from east to west. The western side receives as much as 1,100 mm (43.3 inches) of precipitation annually while on the western side, the Seojeonjo Desert can receive as little as 20 to 30 mm of rainfall (0.79 to 1.2 inches). The average annual temperature of the Gyeongwon and Changjin area can be 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). Further south in Dongha, and the city of Haesu, temperatures are around 22.6 °C (72.7 °F) and rainfall of about 500 mm (19.7 inches). The same can be said about Namwon but hotter. Meanwhile, the Bujok desert can reach searing temperatures of over 41.8 °C (107.2 °F) and is one of the most inhospitable places to live in.


A photo of Mount Gochuan taken downwards facing its peak. At 5,477.3 m is the tallest mountain in Shinlim.
The Sinchwan River, located near and flows into Shinman. It is a short but important river for irrigation across the Manso Plain.
The Geochil Range of the Hwanggeum Mountains on the Buksan Coast where the mountains meet the Hanmaric Ocean.
Coniferous forests like these in Pohwa, Daeyang, are abundant in central to northwestern Shinlim.
Beaches such as this one in Seowon, Ganyeong Province, are common in coastal South Shinlim with dry summer climates.
The Bujok Desert at night. It is the largest desert in Shinlim characterized by no rainfall and searing heat. It extends beyond the borders into the nation of Valithoria.

Environment

The Violet-green swallow is the most common type of bird found all across northern Shinlim.

With a variety of environments and diverse ecozones, Shinlim is home to around 9,000 species of animals and vascular plants and many are native to Veharia and Shinlim. Shinlim is home to 465 bird species, 80 freshwater fish species, 19 amphibian species, 16 reptiles, 29 species of marine mammals, 187 species of butterflies and 87 of dragonflies, 8,800 species of plants, and over 200 species of terrestrial animals. Raccoons, beavers, geese, coyotes, black bears, cougars, great blue herons, and a multitude of fauna reside in Shinlim. Fish such as salmon, trout, char, steelhead, sturgeon, rockfish, lingcod, and halibut are all common and also often seen in the diets of Shinli people, including production by sustainable aquaculture. Lastly, a variety of tall redwoods, cedars, and other coniferous trees call northwest Shinlim home. To the areas of higher elevation and tundra, many mosses and algaes also are native to Shinlim. Moreover, towards the south, shrubs and dry-summer plants and shrubs inhabit the dry and more arid landscapes of Ganyeong and Namwon.

The Ministry of the Environment is in charge of all environmental matters in the nation, from ensuring the cleanliness of groundwater and other sources of water, the protection of endangered species both in the wild and in captivity, and the safety and maintenance of the 73 national parks of Shinlim, which consists of 10.4% of the country's land area. Moreover, the body plans for the nation's policies concerning environmental issues in areas of nuclear power and global warming. It also reviews and oversees Environmental impact assessment done by private developers or by themselves when the government plans new infrastructure of development projects. As of 1610, about 26.7% of water sources in Shinlim were too polluted for fishing, aquatic life, or swimming. Air quality in Shinlim remains good, the Air quality index measurement used by Shinlim is the Pollutant Standards Index (PSI). In most cities, the pollution never goes above a PSI of 100 (Moderate Pollution).

Politics

Shinlim is a unitary semi-presidential republic as clarified in the Constitution since the nation's founding in 1500 AC. The Constitution is the most superior legal document of the Republic of Shinlim, upholding the separation of powers and the formation of government within the nation. At times, the constitution has been amended to keep with the times or ensure further separation of powers in light of certain destabilizing events. In total, the constitution has been amended 7 times with the last time being in 1591 AC. There are several major political parties in Shinlim, with the incumbent being from the Democratic Progressive Party, and the main opposition being the People's Front Party.

Government

Chancellor Chang Donghyun, serving since November 1, 1606, and re-elected in 1610
Premier Lee Ming-soo, serving since November 1, 1602, and re-elected in 1610
The National Capital Hall is where both houses of the Parliament gather.

Shinlim is ruled by a unitary government with democratic elections. The government is divided into three separate branches which include the bicameral legislative branch consisting of the Parliament of the Republic of Shinlim (The National Assembly and Sangseowon); the executive branch (The State Council); and the judicial branch, consisting of the independent Shinlim justice system.

The Executive Branch is headed by the Chancellor who is directly elected by a popular vote to serve a maximum of two four-year terms (8 years). The position also serves as the head of state and commander-in-chief of the Republic of Shinlim Armed Forces. The Chancellor has the right to appoint ministers and other members of the Executive Branch. Moreover, decisions from the executive and legislative branches can be vetoed by the Chancellor but must be deemed justified and legal by the Supreme Court. The Chancellor furthermore, directly commands a number of governmental organizations, including the Department of State Security. The Premier is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Executive Branch and the Cabinet such as the running of the State Council. The Premier is appointed by Parliament after its general elections and is usually head of the majority party. The Premier also presides over the Sangseowon (Upper House) and can serve for four four-year terms (16 years).

The Legislative Branch is represented by the Parliament of the Shinlim. It is a bicameral body, consisting of the upper house and lower house, the Sangseowon and the National Assembly respectively. Assemblymen in the Sangseowon can serve up to five four-year terms (20 years) as long as they are elected and must be above the age of thirty. Each province-level district is represented by five Sangseowon assemblymen. Hence, the Sangseowon has 110 seats. The National Assembly has 500 seats headed by the Speaker of the Assembly who is independent of party-affiliation and voted in by the Assembly. It uses a Parallel voting system with national constituencies being the method of organization. 328 seats are single-member prefectural seats with First-past-the-post voting systems, while 172 seats are from multi-member prefectural with the Single non-transferable vote system. Staggered elections are practiced with half up for vote every two years, and four-year terms for a maximum of seven terms (28 years) provided they win the elections. The minimum age is 25 years old.

Law enforcement

A police vehicle of the NPA under the Geumcheon Province police department.
Riot control under the NPA in Shinman metropolitan city.

Shinlim enforces a civil legal system. The Judicial Branch is responsible for interpreting the law to the situation an applying it in accordance to the written law. Much of Shinlim's law were taken and inspired by that of Zhenia's, having followed Zhenian law during the time of the Empire of Zhenia laid out by the Code of Jinhwa. However, even then, the dominion status of Shinlim meant that her judiciary would develop in certain different ways. For example, upon the founding of the nation in 1500 AC, Shinlim never adopted a Constitutional Court like in Zhenia, instead, relegating its duties to the Supreme Court. Nevertheless, since then, the purpose of the law to punish societally damaging actions and protecting the collective has always been kept. The Constitution is the highest document of law in Shinlim, followed by laws, statutes, national administrative orders, and regional orders.

Shinlim's law is often split into two categories, public law and private law. Public law handles the relationship between the state and the individual, as well as the relationship among various parts of the state and thus it mostly consists mostly of the Constitution. Private law, on the other hand, specifies the relations among the people of Shinlim, including both civil law and criminal law as well as administrative law. These cases are often taken by subordinate courts. The judiciary remains independent and secular despite the strong presence of Zhenian Wuism. The Judiciary is composed of the Subordinate, State, Patent, Family and the highest, Supreme Court. It is presided over by the Chief Justices appointed by the Chancellor with the approval of both the Sangseowon and the National Assembly. The last court handles impeachment and corruption charges.

Law enforcement in Shinlim is handled at the national and local levels. At the national level, the National Police Agency (NPA) normally handles law enforcement spanning over at least two province-level administrative areas and also enforcement against national security threats such as terrorist threats. Alongside the National Police Agency, it is the Department of State Security (DSS) that is involved in incidents that are a threat to national security, both foreign and domestic. It also retains the highest level of command in such law enforcement situations. Local-level law enforcement is apart of the National Police Agency and consists of local police agencies. The highest level of such local jurisdictions is at the provincial level, followed by the prefecture-level police department which handles more daily law enforcement. The NPA also is responsible for the administrative functions of law-enforcement and has its headquarters alongside the DSS in Gyeongwon.

Administrative divisions

The Republic of Shinlim is divided into 18 provinces, three metropolitan cities, and one special city. The 22 provincial-level administrative divisions are the highest level of administrative divisions in the country. Much of the administrative apparatus and thus divisions were taken from the Empire of Zhenia. Each provincial-level administrative divisions are equally assigned 5 representatives in the Sangseowon, while representatives in the National Assembly are assigned proportionate to the population of said administrative division based on the number of prefectures.

The province-level administrative divisions can be categorized into Shinlim's three geographical regions - Southern Shinlim, Central Shinlim, and Northern Shinlim. All province-level administrative areas have unique code numbers for classification. Each province-level administrative areas are then divided into 'prefectures'. They consist of counties, cities, which are then later divided into smaller subdivisions known as 'districts'. The smallest divisions include neighborhoods, townships, and villages each referred to with the suffix '-dong', '-myeon' and '-ri' respectively. The political structure of prefectures and independent cities serve as regional components of province-level politics, which are in turn governed by the Provincial Assembly and the Provincial Executive Branch.

Administrative subdivision Capital Population (1610) Area (km2) Population Density (/km2) Administrative subdivision Capital Population (1610) Area (km2) Population Density (/km2)
Gyeongwon N/A 8,344,302 1,227.74 6796.48 Changjin Jinseong 13,109,985 63,903.76 205.15
Shinman N/A 13,250,721 1,534.67 8634.25 Cheonhae Ganman 10,030,471 57,273.98 175.13
Pyeongseo N/A 5,043,921 736.64 6847.20 Jangsan Insan 4,942,780 77,347.49 63.90
Haesu N/A 3,703,982 613.87 6033.82 Ansang Sangcheon 811,857 122,344.09 6.64
Namwon Namju 1,220,774 99,262.62 12.30 Yangman Aman 12,333,019 117,064.82 105.35
Ganyeong Gancheon 2,920,116 172,804.12 16.90 Sanwon Daesan 1,131,663 223,693.86 5.06
Myeongju Myeongsu 203,918 316,388.08 0.64 Geumcheon Uljeong 14,504,396 73,295.96 211.53
Pyeongjeon Hwangjeon 1,554,981 197,358.88 7.88 Daeyang Yangsan 1,210,964 123,571.83 9.80
Hwasu Songhwa 1,154,703 247,450.59 4.67 Jinsan Jinpo 4,952,490 76,365.30 64.85
Buksan Posan 2,522,215 423,324.06 5.96 Danwon Dancheon 7,432,921 154,633.60 48.07
Dongha Hawon 2,161,342 180,293.33 11.99 Haejung Haegyeong 3,893,123 29,220.16 133.23


Foreign Relations

Shinlim maintains foreign relations with most independent states in Themys and is regarded as an open country in terms of it's international outlook, being an active and influential on the world's stage. Shinlim has close trading ties with many countries, producing a large number of Themys's semiconductors. Shinlim participates in various international organizations. It is an important member of the World Concordat and ...

Military

The Night Falcons have been at service in the Republic of Shinlim Army since 1501 as the services' key special forces element capable of air and sea insertion.
The Haejung-class nuclear attack submarines are an important aspect of component of the Republic of Shinlim Navy's interdiction doctrine as part of deterrence for defense.

The Republic of Shinlim Armed Forces is the military of Shinlim in charge of her defense and safeguarding her interests. With a total of around 510,000 active troops or 0.44% of the population, Shinlim is considered to have a large standing military. The Republic of Shinlim Armed Forces consists of three major branches - the Republic of Shinlim Army, the Republic of Shinlim Navy, and the Republic of Shinlim Air Force. Shinlim has a military expenditure of $102.2 billion and in terms of her military expenditures-GDP ratio, it is 2.4% of her GDP. The Armed Forces are commanded by the Chancellor, the head of state, as per the constitution however in actuality, it is led by the Minister of Defense as well as Joint Chiefs of Staff in the respective military services, all of whom are appointed by the Chancellor by the powers invested in the position.

Military service in Shinlim has been voluntary since independence in 1500. That being said, the Ministry of Defense retains the right to conscription during wartime. Thus, all, male Shinli citizens starting from the school-age of 16 already undergo fitness tests which have an impact on their placement to pre-university. Moreover, from 18 onwards till the age of 30, they are tested biannually for fitness by the Shinlim Reserve Forces. Officers in the Republic of Shinlim Armed Forces are normally selected through the cadet program much like in Zhenia or in military academies or through the further training of selected soldiers in numerous non-commissioned officer academies in the nation should they want to pursue the track. It will take at least 4 years of education and military training. Armed Forces scholarships are also provided to incentivize citizens to join the service.

The navy has 261 ships, some of which are imported while other are indigenously manufactured by Shinlim's shipbulding industry. The Shinli navy has 2 aircraft carriers operates a few nuclear-powered attack and ballistic missile submarines. However, Shinlim does not have nuclear weapons and her submarines possess no nuclear ballistic missiles or torpedoes. The Republic of Shinlim Armed Forces maintains a strong presence in the East Tarsis-Hanmaric region and has limited power projection capabilities. The air force of Shinlim has around 1,300 aircraft, excluding those operated by the navy.

Shinlim has a small but reliable defense industry in several areas such as small arms, infantry-fighting vehicles, and naval ships. However, Shinlim is a net importer of heavier equipment and often acquires weaponry from Zhenia. However, while Shinlim may have to import hardware from elsewhere, she often leads in developing her own software systems suitable to Shinlim's position and goals in Veharia in areas such as battlefield C3I and C4I systems in for network-centric warfare as well as preparation for CBRN conditions. Shinlim constantly moves to improve her power-projection abilities but her primary focus continues to be on self-defense.

Demographics

Shinlim's population has doubled since 1510, in a hundred years, from around 39 million in to 116 million in 1610.
A map indicating Shinlim's population distribution in 1610. Most of the population resides in the Northwest.
A busy street in Ulcheong-dong, Shinman, one of the many areas known for its nightlife.
Historical populations
YearPop.±% p.a.
1550 84,960,000—    
1560 92,930,000+0.90%
1570 100,020,860+0.74%
1580 105,903,225+0.57%
1590 110,553,806+0.43%
1600 114,109,922+0.32%
1610 116,334,644+0.19%


According to the 1610 census, the population of Shinlim as of March 1610 is 116,334,644. Of them, almost 3.25 million, about 2.8% of the total population, were foreign-born residents and this number is increasing. As of 1610, Shinlim is one of the highly populous nations in the world with over 100 million inhabitants. Its population density is 42.15 people per km2. About 74.5% of the population resides along the coastal regions of the Gulf of Handeok from Danwon to Changjin Province.

The historical percentage increase of Shinlim's population from 1510 to 1610 is 198.21%. The decrease in population growth from the 1570s onwards is primarily due to rising incomes, standards of living, and thus fewer children due to the rising cost of raising a child. Increased women's rights and family planning knowledge also contributed to this decrease. There was a sign of increased development in the 1520s and thus lowering birthrates. However, this came to an abrupt end following the end of the Gyeongwon Decade and the defeat of Zhenia in the Second Great War. This caused an economic recession and triggered a wave of migrants and refugees from Zhenia to Shinlim. Currently, the fertility rate is at 1.24, and the population growth rate from 1609 to 1610 was 0.12% or about 150,000 more citizens. Natural population growth is stalling and foreign immigration taking up an increasing portion of the population change.

The leveling of total fertility rates at below the 2.1 replacement level and a rapidly aging population means that Shinlim's population is expected to start decreasing at the earliest in five years, by 1615, not accounting for immigration. The percentage of foreign-born residents in Shinlim is set to increase from 2.8% in 2020 to 5% in 1620. Shinlim has some of the highest average life expectancies of the world, at 84.1 in 1610, with the average life expectancy of women 2.1 years longer than that of men. The median age in Zhenia is 43.4, although it is set to increase to over 50 by 1630, due to declining fertility rates and the rapid aging of the baby boomers. As of 1610, 19.2% today are ages 65 or older, making Shinlim an aged society. This places an increased financial strain on the economy which has been ameliorated partly by automation and a transition to high-skilled labor. The government, however, has also been trying to incentivise and encourage more citizens to get married and have children through various campaigns.

Urbanization

Since Shinlim's industrialization starting in the late 1300s alongside Shindan, Shinlim has seen gradual urbanization and movement into its cities. By the end of the Gyeongwon Decade in 1538, the urbanization rate of Shinlim was already 57.9%. As of 1610, around 89.4% of the nation's entire population lived in urban areas. The introduction of green belts has helped improve the conditions of cities but Shinlim historically had the advantage of slow and gradual urbanization, being also a colonial country meant colonist tended to reside in cities. This has helped make the urbanization process less haphazard and urban sprawls more manageable by authorities. High-density urban redevelopment has picked up in recent years and the urban centers of Shinlim cities tend to be filled with high-density residential and commercial areas.

At the prefectural level, there are a total of 16 cities that are home to over 1 million residents, counting the special city of Gyeongwon and the other Metropolitan Cities. Only 4 cities have a population of over 5 million, 3 of which are metropolitan cities. However, only one city, Shinman, is home to over 10 million residents. Shinman also forms the largest metropolitan area in the nation, with the Greater Shinman Area, which includes not only Shinman but also significant portions of central Geumcheon Province such as Uljeong has a combined total of over 26 million residents. Other notable concentrations of people are the Greater Gyeongwon Capital Area around Gyeongwon and Changjin Province and the area around Pyeongseo. Shinman as a city, and as an administrative division, is the most densely populated place in Shinlim.


Ethnicity and Language

Ethnic Groups of Shinlim
Ethnicity Percentage
Dan
90.1%
Wei
3.1%
Haedong
2.3%
Various Native Veharian
1.0%
Mixed
0.7
Other
2.8%

Shinlim is considered one of the most ethnically homogeneous societies in the world with ethnic Dan representing approximately 90.1% of total population. Shinlim is nevertheless becoming a more multi-ethnic society over time due to immigration. The percentage of foreign nationals has been growing rapidly. As of 1600, Shinlim had around 2.8 million foreign residents, 2.43% of the population which has now climbed by 400,000 people to 3.25 million, or 2.8% of the population. The second-largest ethnic group, at 3.6 million or 3.1% of the population are the Wei people. After independence, and during the turmoil in East Tarsis, several waves of migrants including the Wei came across the Hanmaric to settle in Shinlim. This is the same story for the Haedong people of Haedong from the Haedong Islands at 2.7 million people, the third-largest ethnic group in Shinlim. Moreover, about 0.7% of the population have mixed ancestry from the intermarriage of natives and usually Dan people which was later heavily discouraged in favor of the oppression of the natives. Despite this, about 1.0% of people or 1.16 million in Shinlim remain a collection of various native Veharian tribes.

Dongdan dialect of the Zhenian language, often just referred to as Dongdan, is spoken by 83.2% of Shinli people as a first language is the single official national language in Shinlim. Dongdan originated from the eastern Danguk Peninsula, where most of the Dan people in Shinlim came from. It is used as the lingua franca between Shinli of various linguistic backgrounds instead of Standard Zhenian. The latter has its origins from the Seodan dialect which is spoken by 11.2% of the population as a first language mostly from descendants of migrants from the western Danguk Peninsula. Seoan dialect, with significant influences from the Wei language, is mainly spoken by the Wei people of Shinlim in the mainland. Haedongese, the language of the Haedong people and a distant variant of Dongdan, is also spoken by about 2.1% of the population. Many of these dialects, Dongdan, Seodan, Seoan, and Haedongese have the same writing system. Meanwhile, various indigenous native Veharian languages are also spoken and recognized, although many, even the natives, have come to abandon it for greater economic opportunities.

Religion

Religion in Shinlim
Religion Percentage
Zhenian Wuism
49.7%
Atheism/Irreligion
34.7%
Oriental Vayonism
7.9%
Vayonism
7.0%
Other local faiths
0.7%

Shinlim is formally, as declared by her constitution, a secular nation. The document clarifies the separation of religion and government. At the same time, the freedom of religion is guaranteed as a constitutional right. Thus, there is no state religion although among the population, however, Zhenian Wuism from Zhenia remains the predominant religion, 49.7% of which have identified themselves as followers of Zhenian Wuism according to the 1610 AC census. An increasing percentage of Shinlimese are atheist or have declared themselves as irreligious in the state census. They now constitute 34.7% of the population with the highest rates of irreligiousness found along the northern coast of the Gulf of Handeok. Oriental Vayonism, which is a tract of Vayonism that had existed since Zhenian-Auroran interactions during the 19th century, maintains a considerable following of 7.9% while the former itself also has a decent following of 7.0%. This higher rate of belief in Vayonism among the Dan people is attributed to missionaries and interactions with Azoran nations and colonies east of Shinlim. Many local native Veharian faiths, followed by natives, continue to persist in smaller pockets across the nation but their numbers are rapidly declining.

Health

National University Hospital (Shinlim), located in Gyeongwon, is one of the largest university hospitals in Shinlim, producing many graduates as a teaching facility with numerous wings.

Healthcare in Shinlim is overseen by the Ministry of Health of the Shinlim Government. It largely consists of a government-run publicly funded universal healthcare system, delivered through schemes such as Healthsave, Healthfund and Healthshield, being a compulsory savings platform, low-cost insurance scheme, and safety net for those who are unable to afford hospital bills respectively. At the same time, Shinlim has a significant private healthcare sector. Thus, the financing of healthcare costs is done through a mixture of direct government subsidies, compulsory comprehensive savings, national healthcare insurance, and cost-sharing. The rationale behind this is to ensure that the personal responsibility of saving for healthcare is not voided and too high an additional cost is incurred on the government, by adopting efficient and cost-effective ways of providing paid healthcare for all. All public hospitals are under the jurisdiction of the Shinlim Health Service (SHS), but at the regional, city, and local levels, such hospitals operate more autonomously in clusters or groups run together based on geographical region, divided by the government to ensure sufficient coverage and access of the population to specialized hospitals and clinics and prevent total free-market allocation of centers.

The average life expectancy of Shinlim is around 84.1 years - 83.0 for men and 85.1 for women. Investments in public infrastructure and basic sanitation since the 15th century have been enabled the provision of better and renewed water and sanitation facilities. As of 1610 AC, the leading causes of death in Shinlim were cancer, cerebrovascular disease, pneumonia, hypertensive diseases, and liver disease. There is a high level of immunization and adult obesity is below 6% due to the dietary habits of Shinlimese. The government's healthcare system is based upon the "3H" framework, the three components being the aforementioned: Healthsave, Healthfund, and Heathshield. Public hospitals in Singapore have considerable autonomy in their management decisions, and notionally compete for patients between groups and clusters, however, they remain in government ownership and government appoints their boards and Chief Executive Officers and management reports and is responsible to these boards. A subsidy scheme exists for those with low incomes. In 1610, 36% of healthcare was funded by the government which accounts for approximately 4.2% of Shinlim's expenditure.

Welfare

Food charities in Shinlim work to provide food to those in need of assistance due to financial difficulties.

Social welfare in Shinlim is currently covered both by government and private companies. Upon her independence, Shinlim later introduced the National Provident Fund or NPF in 1514 as the brainchild of Chang Daeho which is a compulsory comprehensive saving and pension plan for working Shinlimese and permanent residents primarily to fund their retirement, healthcare, and housing needs in Shinlim. The NPF is an employment-based savings scheme with the help of employers and employees contributing a mandated amount to the fund for their benefits. As of 1606, the employer's CPF contribution is 15% for those up to the age of 55 and decreases to 7.5% for those 65 and above. The employee's CPF contribution is 20% up to age 55, above 55 to 60 years of age 12.5%, above 60 to 65 to 7%, and decreases to 5% for those 65 and above.

These are invested as a part of the National Sovereign Wealth Fund and its savings and returns. The amount saved by each individual and his employer then belongs to the individual to be unlocked for healthcare usage. It is administered by the National Provident Fund Board, a statutory board operating under the Ministry of Manpower which is responsible for investing contributions. Social welfare spending in Shinlim over the years has increased gradually, taking up 8.5% of the national budget as of FY1610. The unemployed and the low-income households are eligible to receive official aid from the government via various aid programs targeting different groups. Welfare is also primarily directed to support low-income households around medical care and financial support, and other households to support the terminally ill, disabled and the old.

Education

University of Shinman, located in Shinman, is among the oldest and most prestigious universities of Shinlim, and a member of the Hansu League.
Dansil University, Aman, has a famous campus. First built in 1287, is the oldest university of Shinlim. It now also serves as a major tourist destination for Aman.

The education system of Shinlim at all levels, primary, secondary, and tertiary are supported by the state and all institutions, private and public, are registered with the Ministry of Education. Shinlim spends 17.6% of her total expenditure on education. Dongdan is the language of instruction in all schools and all subjects are taught and examined in Dongdan except for the "second language" language paper. It is compulsory for students to take up a second language from primary school at the age of seven. There are also several international schools under the purview of the Ministry of Education that have their school curriculum taught in the language catering to the community in addition to Dongdan Zhenian. Almost all schools are classified as one of the two following categories: Public, Autonomous, and Private. Autonomous schools are private schools that have a large degree of government influence in terms of funding to keep the school running, while they operate a curriculum in line with the Ministry of Education but operate with certain freedoms in other extra areas of education they may want their students to experience with their own funding. Private schools on the other hand are mostly wholly self-funded or funded to a very small extent.

Ilwon University, Ganman is the second oldest university in Shinlim. It is famous for its Law campus and many renowned supreme court judges have her as their Alma mater.

Education in Shinlim takes place in three stages: primary, secondary, and pre-university education. Only the primary and secondary level, accounting for 10 to 11 years of education, is compulsory. Students begin with six years of primary school, which is made up of a four-year foundation course and a two-year orientation stage. The curriculum is focused on the development of Dongdan, a second language, mathematics, science, and a humanities subject from secondary onwards. Secondary school lasts from four to five years and is divided between Special, Express, Normal (Academic), and Normal (Technical) streams in each school, depending on a student's ability level and placement in the Secondary School Entry Examinations (SSEE). The basic coursework breakdown is the same as in the primary level, although classes are much more specialized, and the subjects more numerous. Pre-university education takes place over two to three years at senior schools, mostly called Junior Colleges. As alternatives to Pre-U education, however, courses are offered in other post-secondary education institutions include government polytechnics. Shinlim has 527 universities, 87.3% of which are private institutions with 460 private universities and 67 are public.

The most well-known universities are known collectively as the Hansu League of schools and are composed of the 10 best universities. They are, the University of Shinman, Shinman Changhwa University, Dansil University, University of Gyeongwon, Cheonsu University, Pyeongseo University, Ilwon University, National University of Shinlim, Geumsan University, and the Haesu Institute of Science and Technology. In 1600, central and local governments in Shinlim supported all the institutions of higher learning, along with their 240,000 professors and 2.67 million students. There are over 30 National Key Universities, including Shinman Changhwa University and Dansil University, which are considered to be part of an elite group of Shinli universities. Shinman has also been a highly popular destination for international students and as of 1600. Shinlim had 250,000 foreign students studying in institutions of higher education in 1610. Shinlim universities also release many research papers and a frequently involved in Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics competitions all around the world, ranking well in international assessments. Moreover, students of Shinlim have relatively less stress and anxiety every since reforms in the late 1590s to combat rising suicide rates among youths which have since decreased greatly.

Economy

Shinlim exports by product (1610)

The economy of Shinlim is a highly developed social market economy with a nominal GDP of $4.231 trillion and purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP of $5.365 trillion. It is also considered a high-income economy with a nominal GDP per capita of slightly over $36,300. While economic growth has slowed in recent years, it continues to have a major weight on the global economy. Alongside the business-friendly reputation, state-owned enterprises play a substantial role in Shinlim's economy, contributing 28.4% to the nation's GDP. Moreover there are several family-based conglomerates (chaebols). The two major conglomerates are Shidae Group and Changsu Group. Shinlim exports $842.6 billion worth of goods as of 1610. Main exports include electronic integrated circuits, semiconductor devices, machinery, chemical goods, electronic products, electrical equipment, pharmaceuticals, basic metals, food products such as wine, research and development, and tourism. The country continues to maintain a trade surplus. The currency of Shinlim is the Shinlim Won (S₩), issued by the Monetary Authority of Shinlim (MAS).

Although the economy of Shinlim has been said to have reached a postindustrial state with the service sector producing a majority of the economic output of the nation at around 69.1% of GDP as of 1610 while manufacturing and agriculture produce 30.2% and 0.7% of the GDP respectively, Shinlim maintains her high-end manufacturing industry in important components such as optical instruments, semiconductors, and more importantly, advanced manufacturing machinery such as extreme ultraviolet lithography machines for semiconductors. Another major sector of manufacturing maintained in this post-industrial economy is that of the chemical industry. Some manufacturing jobs can have salaries as high as those in the service sector. Retail is also a significant factor and contributor to domestic growth. Shinlim's labor force, as of 1610, consists of some 80.6 million workers, or 69.3% of the population. The unemployment rate has stayed at around 2.9 percent while youth unemployment hovers at 12.4 percent. 12.9 percent of the population was below the Shinli poverty line as of 1610 AC.

Panoramic view of the Central Business District and the rest of the city of Shinman oriented facing North.

Agriculture, aquaculture and resource extraction

Agricultural fields spanning across the Danwon Circuit, the largest area of continuous arable land in Shinlim
A fish farm in Cheonhae Province. Aquaculture has exploded in Shinlim since the late 16th century via government subsidies to restore the Hanmaric Ocean's ecosystem.

Shinlim, being self-sufficient in her food needs is also a major supplier of agricultural products, particularly wheat, fruits, and fish. As with all other developed nations the proportion of the population and GDP devoted to agriculture fell dramatically over the 17th century and only accounts for 0.7% of the GDP, creating $26.5 billion to Shinlim's GDP in 1610. However, constitutes around 6.8% of Shinlim's exports worth %57.9 billion. Around 36.2% of the country's land is suitable for agriculture. The Shinlim agriculture industry receives significant conditional government subsidies. Shinlim's largest agricultural export is that of Shinli wine, worth $8.2 billion, which markets itself on quality rather than quantity. Most of Shinlim's large scale farming of crops like wheat are done in the large and fertile Danwon Circuit while winemaking is common in the interior areas like Danju Valley wine region.

Shinlim's aquaculture industry is another major player in Shinli agriculture. In 1610, Shinlim's fishing industry exported $6.4 billion in fish and seafood products. The most common fishes are trout, halibut, salmon, sturgeon, and rockfish. Aquaculture, which is the farming of fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants in fresh or salt water, is the fastest-growing food production activity in Shinlim agriculture as the country moves to more sustainable forms of fishing. Major subsidies are provided to fishermen and businesses that convert to aquaculture. In 1610, over 421,200 tonnes of fish were hauled in from Shinlim's fishing industry, almost entirely from the Gulf of Handeok and the Hanmaric Ocean. Mining and resource extraction contributes around $24.3 billion in Shinlim's exports. Shinlim has deposits of gold, silver, potash, oil and gas, and many other rare metals. However, the industry has grown slowly or even shown no growth in recent years due to tightened environmental regulations, only supplying the needs of certain sectors of Shinli manufacturing rather than for mass exploitation and export.

From chemicals to electronics, semiconductor manufacturing (pictured above) is one of the most advanced manufacturing processes in Shinlim.

Manufacturing and industry

Manufacturing and construction account for 30.2% of Shinlim's GDP. Broadly speaking, the major industries of Shinlim include electronics, machinery, chemicals, metals, and textiles, and apparel. Overall industrial output growth has slowed in recent years although it is maintained by many private firms having some government ownership and it is deemed appropriate to keep strategic and export manufacturing in Shinlim. However, a large proportion of lighter and consumer-oriented manufacturing firms are privately held. The largest manufacturing sector for exports is that of electronics and machinery which have a combined export value of $276 billion, or 32.75% of Shinlim's total exports. These include electronic integrated circuits, semiconductor devices, consumer electronics, precision instruments, medical equipment, lenses and optical equipment, lithography machines, and more. Companies in this field include Geumsan Taeseon Company, Haieol Group Corporation, and HSMC Holding, the last of which specializes in semiconductor manufacturing machinery.

The chemical industry is another large contributor to Shinlim with $170.2 billion worth of exports as of 1610, or 20.2% of the sum total exports. They include petroleum gases, refined petroleum, and coke, cyclic hydrocarbons, polyacetals, make-up preparations, polymers of propylene, ethylene, and styrene, nitrogenous fertilizers, and plastics. The growth of this industry has been most prominent in that of nitrogenous fertilizers due to the growing demand for food. Metals such as tubed steel, thin aluminum sheets, and other products are also manufactured in quantity, worth $59.4 billion in exports, or 7.05% of the total. Some famous companies in the chemical and metal industry other than the known conglomerates are CASG, and Kangjeon JG. Textiles such as synthetic fibers, filament yarns, and finished products also form a small part of Shinlim's exports. The manufacturing industry tends to be centered in the north of the country.

Services and tourism

Cheonhwa ward in Shinman. One of the hearts of commerce and retail in the Shinlim service sector.

On the services front, services contribute to 69.1% of Shinlim's GDP and 17.86% of total exports, or $150.5 billion. The largest export category of services is that of travel and tourism followed by research and development. Research and development efforts form a crucial part of the Shinlim economy and corporations with a large quantity of science and engineering research papers published in reputable science journals from Shinlim dating as far back as to the early 15th century. Research institutions in Shinlim include the Yu Chunho Society for the Advancement of Science, the Nam Songmin Association of Shinli Research Centres, and the Hae Changwon Society. 30 major Shinlim-based companies are included in the SJJ, the Shinlim stock market index which is operated by Shinman Stock Exchange. There are 7 stock exchanges in Shinlim. Haesu is a hub for startup companies and has become the leading location for venture capital-funded technology firms in the Shinlim.

Moreover, on the tourism side, there were 604.76 million domestic tourist trips made in 1610, of which 309.64 million were overnight trips while 295.12 million were day trips. In 1610, Shinlim welcomed 32.7 million international tourists. The most popular sites were large cities such as Shinman and Geumsan for their food and modern urban culture. Other areas included the Haejung Islands and increasingly, ecotourism to places of natural beauty. The wholesale and retail trade has expanded quickly since the early 16th century, with numerous shopping malls, retail shops, restaurant chains, and hotels constructed in urban areas. Domestic retail consumption is a major component of the services and a driver of growth with E-commerce also growing at an exponential rate, and an increasing component of service exports.

Science and technology

Bonghwang 3 (Phoenix 3) medium launch vehicle rolling to one of the launch sites at the Jinwan Spacecraft Launch Center.

Scientific and technological development in Shinlim started occurring during the Shindan times as a colony. The first notable advances were in the late 14th century such as Hae Changwon who furthered the field of microscopy and the natural sciences by coming up with better and clearer optical lenses, ones that helped him discover the vacuole of a cell. During the 15th century, as the Shinlim economy industrialized slowly but steadily, the pace of technology quickened in the field of engineering. This was hastened in the second phase of industrialization and Chaebol corporations such as Shidae and Changsu took the lead in electronic advancements. Shinlim has placed its focus on technology-based, research and development corporations and institutions. An estimated 96.31% of Shinli people own a smartphone. Over two million Digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB) phones have been sold and the three major wireless communications providers Shidae Telecom, Changsu Connect, and Suyeo Telecommunication Corporation (STC) provide coverage in all major cities and other areas. Shinlim has some of the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of 47.3 Mbit/s.

Shinlim today is known as a Launchpad of a mature mobile market, where developers can reap the benefits of a market where very few technology constraints exist. There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in the country which has the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity. Moreover, Shinlim has made advances in the field of Artificial Intelligence and smart technologies due to the aforementioned reasons, along with strong government support, especially for the purposefully-developed technology hub of Haesu. Biotechnology has always been a major component of Shinli research and development from early in her history. The medical sector accounts for a large part of the production, including the production of hepatitis vaccines and antibiotics. Vaccine research and development is an integral part of many R&D institutes in the country. In the field of the aerospace industry, the Shinlim National Space Administration (CNSA) has sent up 23 satellites since 1590. It has several facilities across Shinlim. Headquartered in Gyeongwon, the largest and primary launch center is the Jinwan Spacecraft Launch Center in Namwon Province.

Hacheon International Airport Terminal 3 airside area. Hacheon, which serves the Shinman area is known for its wide range of amenities and shopping.

Infrastructure

Transport

Sudo Expressway is a group of expressways around the capital city of Gyeongwon. Pictured above is an intercity expressway.
The Saeganseon is the high-speed rail network of Shinlim. The S600 Series Saeganseon above is on the Shingyeong line (also aptly means nerve), the busiest Saeganseon line in Shinlim.

Transport in Shinlim is modern and highly developed and has received heavy investment since the founding of the country and the first Chancellor Chang Daeho. Shinlim has approximately 2,000,000 kilometers (1,250,000 miles) of roads. Of these, Shinlim has about 23,000 km (14,300 miles) of privately-owned expressways under the Shinlim Expressway Corporation and 105,000 km (65,200 miles) of national highways, covering every population center within the nation. Meanwhile, the privatized Shinlim Railways Group (SR), with some government stake in it, is responsible for a large portion of passenger and freight rail services in Shinlim, providing connection services all across the nation. It is in possession of almost all of the nation's 57,000-kilometer railroads, handling over 22.1 billion rides a year. Many urban rail systems such as the Shinman Metro, the Geumsan Metro and the Gyeongwon Metro. Furthermore, Shinlim has over 12,000 km (7,500 miles) of Saeganseon high-speed trains, connecting major cities with frequent services.

Shinlim is home to 107 functioning airports. Since 1571, the 7 international airports and other 21, 2nd class airports could not be fully privately owned and are placed in part under the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism (Shinlim), with corporations running them. 61 airports are privately owned with the rest being under the control of the government. Shinlim's aviation market serves 101.2 million passengers as of the year 1610, inclusive of both domestic and international flights. Haneul-dae International Airport and Haecheon International Airport are some of the busiest airports, both serving the Shinman area. Other major airport clusters include Gyeongwon International Airport, and Inkyu International Airport two of the major air hubs serving the Gyeongwon Capital area. The nation's flag carrier is Shinlim Airlines and the civil aviation industry is mostly privately owned, with two major full service carriers, the other being Danguk Airways. The Port of Haesun close to Shinman, and Port of Gyeongwon on Gyeongwon Bay are the busiest harbours of Shinlim and where the majority of exports come out from.

Energy

Shinlim continues to use large amounts of petroleum and natural gas due to it having large reserves of both resources. However, the nation has targeted to reduces its reliance on fossil fuels since the 1600s. This has been done by increasing funding to the energy sector and increasing the percentage of nuclear power in the grid, as well as embracing offshore wind and household solar power in the nation. As of 1610, 62.5% of electricity demands were met by nuclear power. petroleum, natural gas power stations account for 27.2%, and last but not least, renewables like hydroelectric plants, geothermal plants, and wind farms comprise the remaining 10.3%. Shinlim is coal-free in its power generation but still mines coal for her industries. All power plants and electricity supply are controlled by Shinlim National Electric (SNE), which the Government maintains a 72.5% stake in. The SNE is the exclusive electric service provider at the end of the user. Other basic services, such as water supply and sewage, are managed by public companies that are either entirely owned by the Government or are chartered and subsidized by the state. Only the energy sector is so wholly owned by the government and is in effect, heavily subsidized, keeping electricity costs in Shinlim low. The standard voltage at power outlets is 240 V while the standard frequency is 50 Hz.

Telecommunications

The Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications (Shinlim) is responsible for the development and maintenance of telecommunication networks in Shinlim. Most of the nation is covered by optical fiber networks giving Shinlim extremely fast internet speeds in the world with a download speed of 47.3 Mbit/s as well as high numbers of internet and cell phone users at 94.57% and 96.31% respectively. Shinlim is also one of the nations in the world to also have commercialized and integrated 5G communication into its telecommunications network. Shidae Telecom, Changsu Connect, and STC are three of the major telecommunications service providers in Shinlim, with the three companies servicing 91.2% of the nation's telecommunications network users. STC is the largest of the three with around 50 million users, around 40% of the nation's population.

Culture

Arts

Architecture

Cuisine

Entertainment

Public holidays

Sports

See Also