Achysia

From Themys Project
Sublime Empire of Achysia


Saïryme Verigonos Akhysissa
Coat of Arms of Achysia
Coat of Arms
Motto: Să se facă dreptate, chiar de-ar fi să se prăbuşească cerurile
Let justice be done, though the heaven's fall
Anthem: National Salute

Elder Sun
Elder Sun
Location of Achysia in Themys
Location of Achysia, in purple
Administrative divisions of Achysia
CapitalVathora
LargestAkmoryos
Official languagesAchysian
Recognised regional languagesValentian, Kathic
Ethnic groups
(2016)
Religion
Ecumenical Vayonism
Demonym(s)Achysian
GovernmentUnitary constitutional executive monarchy
• Emperor
Vaeros II
Aloyoron Astrikas
LegislatureImperial Courts
Imperial Council
Popular Assembly
Establishment
• as the Empire of Hyelodon
4 Bloomset 943
• as the Achysian Monarchy
12 Highfrost 1056
• as the Achysian Empire
20 Highscald 1413
1 Fallwane 1512
29 Scaldwane 1534
• as the Achysian Republic
7 Fallset 1536
• as the Empire of Achysia
16 Highbloom 1545
Population
• Estimate
82,134,455
• 2020 census
82,134,455
GDP (PPP)estimate
• Per capita
38,456$
HDI (2016)0.916
very high
CurrencyAuroran Orys ()
Time zoneAuroran Standard Time(AST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Internet TLD.ak

Achysia (Arnic: , Akhysis [axysis]), officially the Sublime Empire of Achysia (Arnic: , Saïryme Verigonos Akhysissa) is a sovereign state in Azora, bordered by Kathia to the west and northwest, by the Arnic Sea and the Haliarchic State to the south-west, by the Median Sea to the south, by the Pelagian Sea to the east, and Ustara to the north-east.

The Achysians can trace their ancestry to the Ancient Zathyrians and their League of the Eternal Serpent, which occupied the peninsula of Achysia in the antiquity, and even more to the old Arnic Empire that conquered them. The origins of the modern Achysian state lie in the Calamity of Elyria and the Century of Discord with the Arnic-Vayonist rump state of the Vathorian Empire. Under these influences, the Achysian culture slowly developed, and a new Achysian identity was adopted after the Sack of Vathora and the brutal War of Thorns and Blood. The reborn Achysian Monarchy was one of the first Auroran colonial powers, and its support of the Haliarchy led to its involvement in the brutal Wars of the Faith. The short lived personal union with Ichoria nearly dominated the continent, but Ichorian rebellions and military defeats caused it to lose the conflict. Relegated to the position of a declining power, Achysia found its salvation in the strengthening of its absolute monarchy and in a rivalry with the other Arnic states, but despite a period of recovery, Achysia was eventually unable to resist the storm of the Republican Wars, being conquered by Kathia. The violent conquest led to a widespread rejection of enlightened ideas through the eventual absolutist Great Restoration in 1413. Colonial and military expansion followed, and despite several defeats and a constitutional compromise following its involvement in the Wars of Absolution, Achysia finally returned to the position of a great power as the Achysian Empire. Continued rivalries with other Azoran states and unsolved continental issues played a role in the era of the Great Wars, and the stalemate of the First Great War, ending with the Armistice of 1509 forced the radical Autocrats into power. Their absolutist Holy Achysian Empire collapsed after military defeats in the Second Great War and a coup in 1534, and as both sides of the Western Auroran conflict had to compromise in front of a common enemy, the Transitional Government oversaw the creation of the democratic Achysian Republic, a period of great reforms and instability that ended with the restoration of a constitutional monarchy in 1545. The end of the Great Wars also led to policies of decolonization and Azoran reconciliation prompted by the changing geopolitical reality of both Azora and the world.

Today, Achysia is a unitary constitutional monarchy with a bicameral legislature and a stable democratic system, albeit a unique one among the other Azoran states due to the limited executive powers still retained by its monarch. It is considered to be a developed state and a strong economy in Azora, while also maintaining high literacy, life expectancy and education levels. It is one of the most frequently visited countries in the region, being regionally and internationally renowned for its natural beauty and cultural wealth, with countless historic sites inherited from its many historical civilizations. Culturally, Achysia has been a great contributor in the fields of literature, art, music and philosophy, and it is noted for its historic influence for the overarching role of the Faith of the Sixteen, despite also being marked by a sharp cultural divide between its older and younger generations, mostly pronounced in the country's developing animation industry.

Achysia is a founding member of the Auroran Community and the World Concordat, and it is also a member of the Arnic Cultural Union, the Cultural Organization of Achysian-Arnic States, the Union for the Arnic Sea and the Pellagian Sea Group. The country is also widely considered to be a great power together with its Azoran allies, and is a nuclear-weapons state, but one marked by its very reserved foreign policy, focused on soft power, diplomacy, and international aid.

Nomenclature

The official, constitutional name of the state is the Sublime Empire of Achysia. Names like the Achysian Empire and its variations are unofficial, with their usage being actively discouraged by the Achysian state. Several ceremonial names also exist, but they are generally only used to symbolically represent the institution of the monarchy and not the state itself, such as the Radiant Crown and the Sun Throne. The extensive use of the Elder Sun as an emblem by all Achysian states ever since the Middle Ages has also led to the creation of the poetical name of the "Land of the Elder Sun" that is often used to metaphorically represent the nation.

Etymology

The exact origin of the name of Achysia (Arnic: File:AchysiaName.png, Achisia) is unknown. It was firstly recorded in the work of the ancient Arnic geographer Darysion, as the name applied by the Elyrians to the larger peninsula next to them and as the name of the people inhabiting it. It is likely that the name was an exonym, as the people inhabiting it, refered to by modern historians as the Zathyrians, left behind no writings. The name became invariably attached to the peninsula, being adopted by the Arnic provinces after the conquest, and being retained by the Arnic rump state that followed the Calamity, becoming ingrained into the developing Achysian national identity.

The legend behind the claims that it was carried by a demigod, the son of the God of the Sun and a mighty Queen, the warrior-king Achysos. The Legends of the Sun-Tyrant describe his feats on Themis before leaving his mortal subjects for the Eight Heavens. However, while these legends might have their origins in the earlier Arnic mythos, the first written form that was kept comes from after the Calamity, long after the name was chosen, so it is unlikely that the region was named for this figure.

Another proposal theorizes the existence of a proto-Arnic word "akyse", which could have meant gold, and could have been adopted by the Elyrians after their first interactions with the Zathyrians, who were, as historical records show, placing a great deal of importance on gold as a religious symbol. Other meanings for this potential word have been suggested, but no widespread consensus among historians and researchers has been reached, with some even claiming that "akyse" might have in fact originated in the Zathyrian language, and that it might have been adopted by the Elyrians from there, but the very small of amount of Zathyrian words that have survived to the present day are not enough in order to establish such a fact.

History

Arnic conquest
Calamity of Elyria
Awakening of Vathora
War of Thorns and Blood
I

Prehistory

The oldest evidence of humans inhabiting the region of the present day Achysia was discovered in the Peștera cu Oase ("Cave with Bones"), where human remains as old as 45,000 years old have been found by archaeologists. Multiple primitive cultures have inhabited Achysia in the prehistory, but the information we have on them is pretty vague.

The first written evidence of people living in the region of present day Achysia comes in 750 BCE, where the Kingdom of Odrysia is mentioned for the first time as a country of the Ancient Achysians.

Era of the Dawn

The development of Zathyrian culture eventually led to a transition, the earlier tribal organization starting to evolve as more and more permanent settlements were established. Unfortunately, the Zathyrians left behind no written records, but Arnic historians seem to describe a civilization that was just as advanced as theirs. Cities of stone and marble were build, especially along the coasts, and the people in them became masterful navigators and traders, taking full advantage of their central position between the two seas. Ruins of Zathyrian trading posts were found as far away as the eastern Pelagian coast, and several very well preserved wrecks of Zathyrian vessels were found on the bottom of the Arnic Sea. The earlier developments of the prehistoric period were continued, starting a true cultural boom, with clear advancements in architecture and art. The Zathyrians had a particular focus on mosaics and frescoes. Their temples were usually built in high places and made liberal use of columns, but they generally had open roofs. Unfortunately, like most other centers of their civilization, they were destroyed during the Arnic conquest. Some of the relics that have remained also show an exemplary skill in smithing and metalworking, particularly in gold and silver.

Ruins of the Temple of the Great Serpent

And it is from this Arnic perspective that historians receive some clues about the more peculiar aspects of this civilization. While they were able to build great buildings of stone, the Zathyrians reserved these materials only for their temples and for the city walls, with everything else being built in wood. The temples themselves were considered to be separate cities, called "aratae", while the cities where the people lived were known as "daranae"

Their paintings and mosaics are very advanced for their era, but there is no information about a system of writing, and historians still debate whether they used any alternatives. Their material culture is quite distinct from that of their neighbors, with a particular focus on ashlar masonry, ceremonies that included the cremation of the dead and the burial of the ashes together with jewelry and weapons made of precious metals. They seemed to have had an organized society, with a clear distinction between priests, nobles, and commoners - with priests being the only ones allowed to wear masks or veils, and the nobles being the only ones allowed to cover their heads with hats, but very few names of historical figures have survived, and many questions remain, like whether their very common practice of covering their bodies with tattoos had a religious significance or not.

The Zathyrians were also very proficient in the art of war. They were renowned for their skirmishers, but focused mostly on a distinct type of infantry - wearing almost no armor and wielding no shields, armed instead with pole-arms and swords with large, curved blades. The position of warrior seemed to have been considered a spiritually important one, but Zathyrian warriors were especially noted for their ferocity in battle - as their religious beliefs seemed to be enough to remove their fear of death.

The religion of the Zathyrians is however very poorly understood. Unlike their behavior in many other occupied regions, where the Elyrians adopted and embraced the local deities, Elyria banished the religion of the peninsula, slaughtered its priesthood, and destroyed all the temples. Archaeological evidence seems to imply that the faith of the Zathyrians was focused on a deity known as the Great Serpent, and it is known that they practiced ritual sacrifices, presumably in order to send spiritual messengers to the realm of the divine. Their priesthood formed a caste, with the position being inherited, and the priests where the only ones allowed to live in stone-built structures. Some historians also argue that their religion did not tolerate the presence of foreigners on holy land - which might explain why areas beyond the coasts of Achysia, further inland, were very poorly known even by their neighbors.

Instead of the earlier tribes, the Zathyrians seemed to have had a system build on coalitions of city-states, but despite the constant warfare that such a fragmentation leads to, it would seem that their religion also forbade battles between believers. Instead, conflicts between city-states were resolved in fights between small groups of warriors, numbering no more than 100. It was only when a city-state was attacked by a foreign power than armies were trully called upon, and the Zathyrians were able to mobilize impressive numbers of warriors. It was only after the increased threat of Elyria that a centralized power started to develop, in the aratae of Azrobadara.

League of the Great Serpent

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Arnic Empire

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Calamity of Elyria

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Age of Ash and Blood

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Vathorian Empire

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Fall of Vathoria and the Realm of Thorns

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Achysian Monarchy

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Arnic Monarchy

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Republican Wars

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Civil Wars

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Achysian Empire

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Transitional Government

Transitional Government Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Second Achysian Republic

Achysian Republic Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Restoration

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Politics

The Empire of Achysia is a unitary constitutional executive monarchy, operating under the rules of the constitutional Fundamental Law of the Realm. The realm exists around the position of the Emperor, who embodies the state and rules in accordance with the will of the people. Besides from the ceremonial duties of this position, the monarch is entrusted by the people with executive powers, which are then delegated by the monarch to the Chancellor and the Conclave of Ministers. Legislative power belongs to the Imperial Courts, which are divided into the appointed Imperial Council and the elected Popular Assembly. The Judiciary of the Realm is independent from the other branches of power, and is organized in a hierarchical system of courts with the Imperial High Court of Justice as the supreme court, and with the Court of the Fundamental Law as the final authority in constitutional matters.

Politically, Achysia is a representative multi-party democracy, but ever since the restoration of the monarchy, the political life of the nation has been dominated by the National Restoration League, the Constitutional-Democratic Union and the Movement of Progressive Mutualism.

Executive Power

The Executive Power(Achysian: Puterea Executivă) is entrusted to the Monarch, the Emperor of Achysia, who delegates it on a federal level to the Imperial Government of Achysia (Achysian: Guvernul Imperial al Thraciei), formed by the Council of Ministers (Achysian: Consiliul Miniștrilor) and the position of the Imperial Chancellor (Achysian: Cancelarul Imperial, Arnic: Cancellarius Imperialis), and on a regional level to the Provincial Governments and Governors. The Emperor proposes the Chancellor, which must then be accepted in a joint meeting of the Imperial Council and the Imperial Senate.

Emperor
Chancellor
Conclave of Ministers

The Imperial Cabinet, or the Imperial Government (Achysian: Cabinetul Imperial sau Guvernul Imperial) is the chief executive body of the Empire of Achysia. It consists of the Imperial Chancellor (Achysian: Cancelarul Imperial, Arnic: Cancellarius Imperialis) and the the Council of Ministers (Achysian: Consiliul Miniștrilor). The fundamentals of the cabinet's organization as well as the method of its election and appointment as well as the procedure for its dismissal are set down in Imperial Constitution.

The Imperial Chancellor (Achysian: Cancelarul Imperial, Elysian: Cancellarius Imperialis) is responsible for guiding the cabinet and deciding its political direction. According to the principle of departmentalization, the cabinet ministers are free to carry out their duties independently within the boundaries set by the Chancellor's political directives. The Chancellor also decides the scope of each minister's duties. If two ministers disagree on a particular point, the cabinet resolves the conflict by a majority vote, known as the Principle of Deference (Achysian: Principiul Colegial). The Chancellor is in charge of the government's administrative affairs, which are usually delegated to the head of the Chancellery. Details are laid down in the government's rules for internal procedures.

The Chancellor is appointed by the Emperor and confirmed by the Imperial Council and the Imperial Senate. If the Imperial Council and the Imperial Diet refuse to confirm the Chancellor appointed by the Emperor, they can propose and elect their own Chancellor, which however still requires the appointment of the Emperor to take office. Following the appointment and the confirmation, the ministers are appointed (and dismissed) by the Emperor upon the proposals of the Chancellor. Eventually, before taking office, the Chancellor and ministers swear an oath in front of the reunited Council and Senate.

The Chancellor also presides over the reunited meetings of the Council and the Senate and plays an active role in supervising the legislative powers of the Council and the Senate. The Chancellor also has a veto power, which can not be used more than once during the term, but which can block any sort of laws or proposals.

The Imperial Government and the Imperial Chancellor can be taken down by a vote of no confidence in a reunited meeting of the Imperial Council and the Imperial Senate with a simple majority being required to win, but with the condition that the group opposing this vote of no confidence would not gain more than a third of the votes, case in which the vote fails. In cases of extreme emergency, the Chancellor can use his veto power to cancel a vote of no confidence, but is forced to justify it in front of the population.

Legislative Power

Imperial Courts
Imperial Council
Popular Assembly

Foreign relations

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Military

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Administrative divisions

Achysia is a unitary state, with the various administrative divisions of the realm being subordinated to a hierarchy under the central government. It is divided into 16 Themes, forming the highest level of administration, and the Imperial Capital of Vathora, which possesses the same administrative level as a theme. Themes are further divided into Dioceses, and these are further subdivided into Prefectures. On the same administrative level as the prefectures there are the Free Imperial Cities, two of the most economically important cities and their metropolitan areas, which are organized as their own prefectures. Beneath the level of the prefectures are the most local levels of the administration, with Municipalities, Cities and Communes, which have their own mayors and local councils.

Territorial Administration
ThemesImperial Capital
Dioceses
PrefecturesFree Imperial Cities
Municipalities/Cities/Communes

Geography

Topography

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Climate

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Biodiversity

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Economy

Agriculture

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Energy

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Transport

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Science and technology

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Space exploration

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Water supply and sanitation

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Demographics

Largest cities

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Ethnic groups

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Language

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Religion

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Health

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Education

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Culture

Folk culture and cuisine

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Architecture

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Visual arts

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Music and dance

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Literature and philosophy

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Cinema, animation, and media

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Sports

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National holidays and symbols

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Tourism

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See also

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Notes

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